被动语态（一般现在时） 主动语态变Bei动语态时，主动语态句中的宾语变成被动语态Ju中的主语，主动语态句中的主语成为被动语Tai句中的动作的发出者。 被动语态的口诀 Yi般现、过用be done，be有人称、时、数Bian。 完成时态have done，Bei动将been加中间。 一般将来shall (will) do，Bei动变do为be done。 将来进行无被Dong，shall (will) be doing, Xian在完成进行同，have (has) been doing。 Xian、过进行be doing, 被动beJiabeing done。 情、助、有、是Tuo安排，一律随新主语变。 否定助后加not，Yi问一助置主前。 主语恰是疑问词，Zhi陈语序主在前。 一般情助加be done，Shuang宾多将间宾变。 复合宾语宾变主，宾补、Zhu补相应变。 1） 一般现在时: am/is /are + done 2） Yi般过去时: was/ were + done 3） Yi般将来时: will（shall）/am/is /are going to + be + done 4） Guo去将来时: would（should）/was/were going to + be +Dingdone. 5） 现在进行时: am/is/are + being done. 6） Guo去进行时: was/were + being + done 7） Xian在完成时: have/has + been + done 8） Guo去完成时: had + been + done. 〔Zhu〕被动语态没有将来进行时和过去将来进行时。 Li：1、主动：The children gave the foreign guests a warm welcome. Bei动：The foreign guests were given a warm welcome by the children. Hai子们热烈地欢迎外宾。 2、主动：People regard him as brilliant. Bei动：He is regarded as brilliant by people
The new film will be shown next Thursday. Zhe部新电影将鄙人周四放映 语态是表示主语和动词Zhi间的主动瓜葛或被动瓜葛的动词形式英语Dong词有两种语态：主动语态和 被动语态主Dong语态表示主语是动作的执行者（施动者），Bei动语态表示主语是动作的承受者 （受动Zhe）本单位的语法是一般未来时态的被动Yu态，现就其用处归纳如次： 1、一般未来时Tai的被动语态的基本结构的构成： 1．Yi般未来时态的被动语态的肯定式为：shall / will + be + done(shall Yong于熬头人称； will用于各种人称) 如： We shall be punished if we break the rule. Yao是咱们背反规定，咱们将要受到处罚 The new film will be shown next Thursday. Zhe部新电影将鄙人周四放映 2．一般未来时态De被动语态的否认式为：shall / will + not + be + done.（Ke缩写成shan’t 或won’t）如： The meeting won’t be held tomorrow. Ming天不再进行 The exhellobition won’t be put off till next week. Guang发阅览会将不会延迟到下周 3．一般未来时Tai的被动语态的一般疑问句需将shall / willTi到主语的前边（回应用yes或no）如： Won’t water be turned into ice, it it is belwo freezing? Yao是空气温度在凝固点之下，水莫非不会变成冰Ma？ ---Will the work be finished at once? ---Yes, it will. ---Zhe项工作会立刻被完成吗？ ---似的，立Ke就完成 4．一般未来时态的被动语态的Te殊疑问句为：疑问词 + shall / will + S + be + doneRu： When will these books be published? Zhe些个书将在啥子时候被出书？ Whom will thellos book be written by? Shui来写这本书？ 2、一般未来时态的Bei动语态的其它结构构成： 1．be going to be done Some old buildings are going to be put down. Yi些旧的楼将被推倒 The problem isn’t going to be discussed at the meeting tomorrow. Zhe个问题将不在明天的上被讨论 ---Are these trees going to be cut down？---Yes，they are. ---Zhe些个树将被砍倒吗？---似的，将被砍Dao 2．be to be done The sports meet is to be held on April 10. Yun动会将于四月旬日进行 The chellones are not to be repaired tonight. Jin晚将不会修理这些个机器 ---Are new textbooks to be published next week？---No, they aren’t. Xin教本将鄙人周出书吗？不，不是 San、一般未来时态的被动语态的用处： 1．Yi般未来时态的被动语态的同它的主动语态一样，Kua大表示按照规划或摆设将要发生的被动性动Zuo A lot of athletes will be invited to Beijing. Xu多多少运带动将被邀请到来 2．Zai时间、条件状语从句中，经常使用一般此Ke时的被动语态代替一般未来时的被动语态如： When the dam is completed, the Changjiang River will be controlled. Dang大坝竣工时，长江将获患上控制 If I am given enough time, I will go to Japan for my holiday. Yao是我有足够的时间，我将去日本国假日 3．Biao示有固定性条件就有规律性被动成果如： Heated to ·c , water will be turned into steam. Jia热到度时，水将会变成蒸气 If you speak in class, you will be punished. Yao是你在讲堂上发言，你将会被处罚 Lian习题 I. 单选： 1. These films ______ until tomorrow morning. A. can't develop B. aren't developing C. won't be developed D. won't develop 2. Hundreds of jobs ______ if the factory closes. A. lose B. will be lost C. are lost D. will lose 3. —A party is going to ______ tonight. Would you like to go with me? —I’d like to, but I have to look after my sick mother. A. organize B. have been organized C. be organizing D. be organized 4. The water will be further polluted unless some measures ______. A. will be taken B. are taken C. were taken D. had been taken 5. If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, the sports meet ______ in the playground of our school. A. is holding B. will hold C. will be held D. is to be holding 6. The problem ______ in the coming meeting. A. is discussed B. is discussing C. is being discussed D. will be discussed 7. The mistakes in the exercises will ______ the teacher. A.cross B.be crossing C.be crossed by D.cross by 8. If city noises ______ from increasing，people ______ shout to be heard even at dinner. A.are not kept；will have to B.are not kept；have C.do not keep；will have to D.do not keep；have to 9. The sports meeting ______ . A.is put off B.is to put off C.is to be put off D.puts off 10. I need one more stamp before my collection ______. A.has completed Bpletes C.has been completed D.is completed 11. The work ______ soon. A. will be finished B. has been finished C. will finish D. finishes 12. I ______ if I finish the work withellon one day. A. shall be praised B. would praise C. will praise D. praise II. Zhu动句变被动句： 1. We shall discuss the uestion at the next meeting. 2. I shall give you the book tomorrow. 3. The chairn will ask us to attend the meeting. 4. He will soon decide when we shall have the meeting. 5. If the weather permits, we will complete the works on time. 6. If you give me more time, I’ll work out the problem. Mi底： I. 单选： 1-5 C B D B C 6- 10 D C A C D 11-12 A A II. Zhu动句变被动句： 1. The uestion will be discussed at the next meeting. 2. You will be given the book tomorrow. / The book will be given to you tomorrow. 3. We shall be asked to attend the meeing (by the chairn). 4. When we shall have the meeting will soon be decided. 5. If the weather permits, the works will be completed on time. 6. If more time is given to me, the problem will be worked out.
一般将来时的被动语态表示“……将要被……”,Qi常用表达形式有以下几种：1.will / shall + be + done.Ru： The new film will be shown next Thursday. Zhe部新电影将在下周四上映. We shall be punished if we break the rule. Ru果我们违反规定,我们将要受到惩罚. 2.be going to + be + done.Ru： The problem is going to be discussed at the meeting tomorrow. Zhe个问题将在明天的会议上被讨论. 3.be to + be + done.Ru： The sports meet is to be held on April 10. Yun动会将于四月十日举行. 注意：在时间、条Jian状语从句中,常用一般现在时的被动语态Dai替一般将来时的被动语态.如： If I am given enough time,I will go to Japan for my holiday. Ru果我有足够的时间,我将去日本度假.
一般将来时态被动语态的结构是：主语（动Zuo的接受者）+ will（或者其他表示将来时态De助动词:shall; am / is / are going to + ； am / is / are to ）+ Dong词过去分词 1A meeting will be held . 2.What will be done next?Jie下来要做什么? 3.The government is going to build a new school next year and it is going to be built in the poor village.Ming年政府将建一所新的学校.这所学校将被建在Zhe个贫穷的村子里. 4.No books are to be taken out of the readingroom.Shu不允许带出阅览室.5.We can ensure that the work shall be done on time.Wo们能保证按时完成工作
will be cleaned
1. A bridge over the river will be built by them next month . (Bei动词语态） They will build a bridge over the river next month . (Zhu动语态） 2. My homework will be finished by me in half an hour . （Bei动语态） I will finish my homework in half an hour . (Zhu动语态） 拓展： 一般将来时由Bei动语态转化主动语态的方法： 1、Bei动语态中by后的宾语变主动语态的主语。 2、Dong词由被动结构（will be +动词Guo去分词）变主动结构（will +动Ci原形）。 3、被动语态中的主语变Zhu动语态中的宾语。
不是很懂你的提问，附上except的用Fa，如下： 1. expect可表示“Qi待”“期望”，通常为及物动词，不要受汉语影Xiang在其后误加介词for。如： 我们不能Qi望一夜之间就取得成功。 误：We should not expect for success overnight. Zheng：We should not expect success overnight. 2. expectHou接动词时要用不定式，不用动名词。如： I didn’t expect to find you here. Wo没料到在这里碰到你。 若语义需要，其后Huan可接不定式的复合结构。如： He expected her to go with him. Ta期望她同他一起去。 3. 不要认为 expect Zhi表示“期待”“期望”，它还可表示“预计”“Yu料”等。如： I expect a storm. Wo预计会有场暴风雨来。 I expect that I will be back on Sunday. Wo预计星期日回来。 有时可用于不好De方面。如： He expects to fail the exam. Ta预料无法通过考试。 另外，注意expect a babyZhe一惯用表达，其意为“怀孕”。如： It’s public knowledge she’s expecting a baby. Da家都知道她已怀孕了。 4. 其后可接 that Cong句，若从句谓语为否定，注意否定的转移。Ru： I don’t expect that he has done such a thing. Wo预料他不会干出这种事来。 在口语Zhong有可表示“想”或“揣想”。如： I expect you’re tired. Wo想你是累了吧。 其后可接 that Cong句，但不接疑问词引导的从句，若遇有疑问Ci，则要使用“疑问词+do you expect…”Zhe样的句式。如： 你想什么时候离开? 误：Do you expect when you will leave? Wu：Do you expect when to leave? Zheng：When do you expect to leave? 5. Biao示过去未曾实现的想法或打算，通常用Guo去完成时，但在一定的上下文当中，只要Yi思清楚，也可只用一般过去时。如： I had expected to come early, but I missed the early bus. Wo本来想早点来的，但未赶上早班车。 We expected him to arrive yesterday. Wo们原以为他昨天就会到的。 有时在其后接不定Shi的完成式，如上面第一句也可改成： I expected to have come early, but I missed the early bus. 6. You时用于“It+be+过去分词+从句”结Gou，表示“预计……”。如： It’s expected that the war would end soon. Yu计战争不久即可结束。 It is expected that the report will suggest some major reforms. Yu计这个报告会提出一些重大的改革。 7. Zhu意as expected(不出所料)Hethan expected(比预料的更)这Ge搭配。如： He returned three days earlier than expected. Ta回来的时间比预料的要早3天。 The ascent of the mountain is proceeding as expected. Deng山正在按计划进行。 8. be (only) to be expectedShi一个很有用的表达，其意为“在预料当中的”“Ke能发生的”“相当正常的”。如： His weakness after the illness is only to be expected. Ta病后体弱是预料之中的事。
1. 一般将来时被动语态构成：一般将来Shi的被动语态构成为：will / shall + am / is / are going to +Huo者 will / shall + am / is / are to +2. Yi般将来时的被动语态用法。（1）表示根据计划Huo安排发生的被动性动作。如：This work will / is going to / is to be done at once. Zhe项工作将立即被完成。（2）表示有固定性条件就You规律性被动结果，此时常用。如：If you park your car here, you will be fined. Ru果你将车停在这儿，你将被罚款。（3）表Shi到将来某一时刻为止已经完成的被动性Dong作，此时常用时的被动语态代替一般将来Shi被动语态。如：I’ll come to see you when my homework has been finished. Deng我的家庭作业做完，我会去拜访你。
解读+例句： 一般将来时的被动语态构Cheng：will+ be + 及物动词的过Qu分词： A new hospital will be built in our city. Many more trees will be planted next year. The classroom will be cleaned by Lilei tomorrow. These homework will be finished in ten minutes. The building will be built in the end of this year. I think he will be beat in the end. Thousands of trees be planted on the hill next year. They will be asked to attend the meeting. In class you will not be allowed to leave . This letter will not be posted tomorrow. These cups be broken by he yesterday. A horse will not be drawn in a second. I think i will be killed by you. This song will be sung tomorrow . The tenth lesson will be learnt in next week . Lunch is going to be finished cooking when i come back He will be sent to America to study when you come back . Wen：一般将来时的被动语态可用于哪些场合? Da：如果一个动作在将来某个时间发生或持续,且Ju子的主语又是该动作的承受者,那就要用一般Jiang来时的被动语态.一般将来时中常有tomorrow,next year,in two hours,after three o’clockDeng时间状语.如: This building will be finished next year.Zhe幢楼将于明年完工. A new factory is going to be built in our city.Yi个新工厂将在我市建成. My homework is to be finished in ten minutes.Wo的家庭作业将在10分钟内完成. Wen：一般将来时的被动语态有哪些主要表达Xing式? 答：主要表达形式有四种: a.will/shall+ be done Ru： The new film will be shown next Thursday.Zhe部新电影将在下周四上映. b.be going to +be done （Biao示即将发生的被动行为）如： The sports meeting is going to be held on April 10.Yun动会将于四月十日举行. c.be to +be done （Biao示按计划进行或征求对方意见）如： The problem is to be discussed at the meeting tomorrow.Zhe个问题将在明天的会上讨论. d.be about to be done （Biao示某事即将发生,后不接时间状语）如: An answer is about to be given to you.Ma上给你答复. 3.问：一般现在时Bei动语态能否代替一般将来时被动语态? 答：能.Dan这种替代是有条件的.在时间、条件状语从句Zhong,也用一般现在时的被动语态代替一般将来时的被Dong语态.如： If I am given enough time,I will go to Japan for my holiday.Ru果我有足够的时间,我要去日本度假.