The American War of independence, (English: American Revolutionary War, 1775 - 1783), or the American Revolutionary War is the revolutionaries of the British Empire and its North American thirteen colonies, as well as several European powers of a war. This war is largely began to fight against the economic policies of the United Kingdom, but later because France, Spain and the Netherlands joined the war against the British, and make war far more than the British North America. At the same time, many Indian people were fighting for the two sides..
Because of the exploitation of the colonies in Britain, in order to fight against the British economic policies, the North American people's struggle. Began in April Lexington gunfire in 1775, July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress through the penned by the Thomas Jefferson drafted the declaration of independence, proclaimed the birth of the United States.
In the war, Britain was able to take advantage of their naval superiority in the occupied colonies of the Linhai City, but how to control the rural areas but make them confused. After the hard struggle of the American people, and finally forced the United Kingdom in 1783 to recognize the United States Independenc......余下全文>>
The Opium Wars,also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, lasted from 1839 to 1842 and 1856 to 1860, the climax of a trade dispute between China under the Qing Dynasty and the British Empire. British smuggling of opium from British India into China in defiance of China's drug laws erupted into open warfare between Britain and China.
China was defeated in both wars leaving its government having to tolerate the opium trade. Britain forced the Chinese government into signing the Treaty of Nanjing and the Treaty of Tianjin, also known as the Unequal Treaties, which included provisions for the opening of additional ports to foreign trade, for fixed tariffs; for the recognition of both countries as equal in correspondence; and for the cession of Hong Kong to Britain. The British also gained extraterritorial rights. Several countries followed Britain and sought similar agreements with China. Many Chinese found these agreements humiliating and these sentiments are considered to have contributed to the Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864), the Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901), and the downfall of the Qing Dynasty in 1912, putting an end to dynastic China. The Opium Wars forcefully and suddenly opened China to the world.
The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen united former British colonies on the North American continent, and ended in a global war between several Eu......余下全文>>
The American Revolution, the conflict by which
the American colonists won their independence from
Great Britain and created the United States of
America,was an upheaval(大变动)of profound(深刻的)
significance in world history. It occurred in the
second half of the 18th century, in an"Age of
Democratic Revolution, "when philosophers and
political theorists in Europe were critically
examining the institutions of their own societies
and the notions(观念) that lay behind them.Yet the
American Revolution first put to the test ideas
and theories that had seldom if ever been worked
out in practice in the Old World--separation of
church and state, sovereignty(主权) of the people,
written constitutions, and effective checks and
balances in government.